Council adopts Eurovignette Directive
Publication date: 27 March 2006
The Council of Ministers approved today the European Parliament’s amendments on the Eurovignette Directive (COM(2003) 448 - COD(2003) 0175) and thus finalised the new European road charging regime. The new Directive will enter into force following its publication in the Official Journal.
The text amends the 1999 “Eurovignette” Directive, which provides a framework for the levying of tolls and user charges on Europe’s motorways. The aim of the Commission’s 2003 proposal was to increase the efficiency of the operation of Europe’s roads. With the new charging framework, transport users will gradually assume responsibility for the costs generated by their activities, the aim being to reduce pollution and congestion and generate additional funding for investment in transport infrastructure.
The scope of the new road charging Directive is broader. It lays down rules for tolls or user charges on the trans-European network, whereas the existing Directive limited tolls and charges to motorways. It allows Member States to levy tolls and user charges on all other roads as well. The Directive applies to vehicles over 3.5 tonnes, rather than only to vehicles over 12 tonnes as at present.
The new Directive represents the first step towards taking account of external costs: it will allow a greater variation in tolls to reflect congestion, and toll variations to reflect the pollution caused by vehicles will be mandatory from 2010. It also makes provision for Member States to be able to increase tolls with a “mark-up” on roads in particularly sensitive mountainous regions. The income from these mark–ups must be used to fund alternative transport infrastructure.
The new Directive also establishes the principles for calculating tolls and limits frequent user discounts, to ensure that they are fair, proportionate, transparent and non-discriminatory. These improvements will reduce obstacles to the free movement of goods and guarantee fair competition between road haulage operators.
The Member States will be required to incorporate this Directive into national law within two years.
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EP vote on Eurovignette: Harmonisation of transport tariffs (15 December 2005)