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Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS)


Publication date: 29 March 2010


The number of people dying at road accidents is alarming. Road crashes are the main cause of death in the European Union in the age group under 45 years. More than 90% of all road accidents are caused by human error.

This is why we are looking for new solutions to reduce the number of accidents and to mitigate their impact. One of these systems is ADAS, the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems. It helps to increase driver’s awareness of conditions around the vehicle by detecting danger and providing support in hazardous situations.

Have you ever experienced an intersection without traffic lights where drivers are not able to judge the situation and thus cross the intersection unsafely? This can be avoided by the Intersection Collision Avoidance system. It monitors and processes information on movements of vehicles via sensors in the vehicle and/or road infrastructure. It then gives a warning to the driver should any danger be present.

Another supporting system is ACC, the Adaptive Cruise Control, which detects a vehicle in front and calculates the distance and difference in speed. If necessary, the system adapts the speed of your vehicle to maintain sufficient distance. This system is especially useful on highways, which are increasingly congested by road works demanding attention and concentration.

On the other hand, a fluid monotonous driving over a long period of time can cause a “micro-nap” causing the driver to loose control over the car for a few seconds. This can lead to leaving the lane unintentionally. When the vehicle makes an unexpected or illogical movement and crosses the line, the Lane Departure Warning Assistant system gives a signal and can save not only a life of the driver but also prevent material damage from happening.

These Driver Assistance Systems were tested in field operational tests called FOTs that were conducted world-wide. The European Commission sponsors a project called FOT-Net aimed at creating a catalogue encompassing and extensive range of FOTs.

The European Bureau of the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) and its member automobile clubs play an active role in this project by raising awareness on the benefits of those systems and supporting dissemination activities. “The clubs carry out vehicle and safety equipment tests and assess the safety of mobility infrastructure all over Europe,” said Wil Botman, Director General of the FIA European Bureau. “Accident research carried out by FIA clubs indicates that advanced driver assistance systems once deployed on large scale would significantly reduce the number of accidents involving heavy-duty vehicles.”

For more information on FOT-Net project visit: http://www.fot-net.eu/  


 
 
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